Documents

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Safe Schools

Safe schools for teens: preventing sexual abuse of urban poor teens, proof-of-concept study

Child sexual abuse (CSA) is a difficult form of abuse to detect, with the peak age of reports from 13 to 15 years old. The recent revision of the Philippine school curriculum provided an opportunity to incorporate an educational intervention for prevention of CSA. This study aimed to improve the teachers’ and students’ knowledge, skills and attitudes on disclosure, identification, and reporting of CSA. This research is a two-phase proof-of-concept cross sectional study of 237 teachers and 1,458 Grade 7 students from 2 public high schools in metro Manila over a two year period. Phase 1 involved in-service training curriculum for all teachers on the recognizing, recording, reporting, and referral (4R’s) of child abuse and establishment of a referral and support system. Outcome measures included pre- and post-tests and number of CSA reports. Phase 2 involved implementation of eight student modules through the Health and Values Education subjects of the curriculum. Outcome measures were pre- and post-intervention measurement of abuse and module content. Training of teachers resulted in an increase in confidence for identifying CSA from 25% to 57%, and a decrease in apprehension of reporting CSA from 40% to 33%. The Safe Schools for Teens intervention significantly improved self-reported knowledge on abuse, dating violence, and how to help friends as well as on adolescent’s impulse control and emotional clarity. There was a significant decline from pre- to post-intervention in self-reported experiences of dating violence which includes physical, sexual and emotional violence, t(793) = 3.363, p = 001 as well as a significant decline in self-reported experiences of emotional abuse from a dating partner, t(837) = 2.693, p = 0.008. The Safe Schools for Teens intervention increases awareness and reporting of child sexual abuse. The intervention also reduces dating violence highlighting that the mindfulness focused approach in connection with systems strengthening is useful for addressing adolescent violence.

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PVAC_2020-Cover

Global Status Report on Preventing Violence against Children 2020

The Global status report on preventing violence against children 2020 charts countries’ progress towards the SDGs aimed at ending violence against children. Jointly published by WHO, UNICEF, UNESCO, the UN Secretary-General’s Special Representative on Violence against Children, and the Global Partnership to End Violence against Children, it collates inputs from over 1000 decision-makers in 155 countries who assessed their violence prevention status against the evidence-based approaches set out in INSPIRE: Seven strategies for ending violence against children. The report shows that while many of the participating countries are taking some action, government officials from these same countries acknowledge that their efforts are clearly insufficient to achieve the SDG targets. The report concludes with recommendations for boosting INSPIRE implementation efforts and accelerating national progress.

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Evidence-based Tips to Support Parents and Children during the Time of COVID-19

Evidence-based Tips to Support Parents and Children during the Time of COVID-19

Here are six (6) evidence-based tips to support parents and children during the time of COVID-19. These materials have been developed in collaboration with Parenting for Lifelong Health, World Health Organization, UNICEF, Global Partnership to End Violence Against Children, Internet of Good Things, and Centers for Disease Control and Prevention.

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Protect the Child from Abuse during Community Quarantine

Protect the Child from Abuse during Community Quarantine

Here are some ways to protect the child from abuse during community quarantine. A friendly advice from the Child Protection Network Foundation.

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DOH

DOH Memo No. 2009-0041: Inclusion of the Establishment of WCPUs in the 5% GAD Budget Allocation

FOR: ALL CHD DIRECTORS, EXECUTIVE DIRECTORS/ MEDICAL CENTER AND HOSPITAL CHIEFS AND THEIR CORRESPONDING WOMEN & CHILD PROTECTION UNIT ( WCPU ) COORDINATORS, BUDGET AND ACCOUNTING OFFICERS OF THE GOVERNMENT RETAINED HOSPITALS

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National Demographic

National Demographic and Health Survey 2017

The Philippine Statistics Authority (PSA) is presents the final report on the 2017 Philippines National Demographic and Health Survey (NDHS).

The survey provides information on fertility, fertility preferences, family planning practices, childhood mortality, maternal and child health, knowledge and attitudes regarding HIV/AIDS, and violence against women. These indicators are crucial in policy-making, program planning, and monitoring and evaluation of population and health programs, including those anchored on the attainment of related Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs).

The NDHS 2017 is the sixth DHS survey to be conducted in the Philippines in collaboration with the worldwide Demographic and Health Surveys (DHS) Program and the 11th national DHS overall.

Fieldwork for the survey was carried out from August 14 to October 27, 2017, covering a national sample of over 31,000 households and more than 25,000 women age 15-49.

The NDHS 2017 was funded by the Government of the Philippines. The United States Agency for International Development (USAID) provided technical assistance and equipment through ICF under The DHS Program.

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Evaluation of WCPUs

Evaluation of WCPUs in the Philippines

A total of A total of 51 WCPUs representing 69% of all WCPUs were visited covering almost all of the political regions of the country. In terms of regional distribution, 10 (20%) of the WCPUs are in Region 8, and five each (10%) in Regions 3,5,6 and 7. The rest of the WCPUs are distributed among the remaining regions. In terms of distribution according to level, 34 or 67% are Level 2 WCPUs, 16 or 31% are Level 1 WCPUs, and only one Level 3 WCPU.

A total of 236 respondents were interviewed during the course of the evaluation and 141 (59.75%) of them are WCPU staff, 53 (22.46%) are from referring agencies (e.g. PNP, DSWD, NGO), 26 (11.02%) hospital staff (administrators and medical staff), and 16 (6.78%) from the local government.

To be able to determine the current status of participants to the MDT trainings conducte from 2011 to 2015, a total of 115 people were participated in Key Informant Interviews (KII) and one hundred two (102) shared their experiences on the MDT trainings they attended. On the other hand, 13 shared the reasons why they were not able to attend the training. The breakdown of MDT respondents according to position or role is shown in Table 3 in the result section.

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EVAC

The Philippine Plan of Action to End Violence Against Children

The Philippine Plan of Action to End Violence against Children (PPAEVAC) of the Republic of the Philippines (2017-2022) is a multi-sectoral road map designed for the progressive reduction of violence against children. This is part of the Government’s general commitment to build an enabling environment that respects, protects and fulfills the rights of all children. It also reflects the Government’s recognition of children’s rights to survival, development, protection and participation, and their right to attain their full potential, as enshrined in the United Nations Convention on the Rights of the Child (CRC).

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Protocol Case Management

Protocol for Case Management of Child Victims of Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation

The Committee for the Special Protection of Children (SCPC), pursuant to its mandate under Executive Order 53 dated 11 August 2011 issues these Protocol for Case Management of Child Victims of Abuse, Neglect, and Exploitation for the guidance of all concerned government agencies, non-government organizations, and other stakeholders.  A protocol is a set of standards to ensure the protection of the rights of child victims of abuse, neglect, and exploitation.

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Global Strategies

Global Strategies to Reduce Violence by 50% in 30 years

Is it possible to cut worldwide levels of interpersonal violence in half within the coming 30 years? This question was at the centre of the first Global Violence Reduction Conference 2014, jointly organised by the Violence Research Centre at the University of Cambridge and the World Health Organization. The conference lured experts out of their comfort zone, asking to reflect on big strategies to reduce violence by 50% in the next 30 years. It brought together 150 leading representatives from international organisations, academia, civil society institutions and philanthropic organisations to discuss how scientific knowledge can contribute to the advancement of this violence reduction goal. The main message of the conference was that a global violence reduction by 50% in the next 30 years is achievable if policy makers harness the power of scientific evidence on violence reduction. This report outlines important ideas presented at the conference that could help to reach this goal and groups them into six key policy recommendations:

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Health Care for Women Subjected to Intimate Partner Violence of Sexual Violence

This handbook is based on the World Health Organization (WHO) guideline Responding to intimate partner violence and sexual violence against women: WHO clinical and policy guidelines, 2013. It also draws on other WHO guidance documents, in particular:

  • Clinical management of rape survivors (WHO, UNFPA and UNHCR, 2004)
  • Guidelines for medico-legal care for victims of sexual violence (WHO, 2003)
  • Joint WHO/ILO guidelines on post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) to prevent HIV infection (2007)
  • Psychological first aid: guide for field workers (WHO, War Trauma Foundation & World Vision International, 2011)
  • mhGAP intervention guide for mental, neurological and substance use disorders in non-specialized health settings (WHO, 2010); Clinical management of mental, neurological and substance use conditions during humanitarian emergencies (WHO & UNHCR, forthcoming) The final version of this handbook will be part of the health component of the UN Women and UNFPA Joint Global Programme on Essential Services for Women and Girls subject to Violence 2013-2017.

Click here to download complete version: HEALTH CARE FOR WOMEN SUBJECTED TO INTIMATE VIOLENCE OR SEXUAL VIOLENCE

Rights of the Hospitalized

The Rights of the Hospitalized Child

Whether you are a student, medical practitioner, hospital personnel or administrator, this handbook will:

  1. Educate you by presenting a different perspective of medical ethics by using the UNCRC as a framework;
  2. Improve your perception of children, the way you deal with children and their families and the way you carry out your functions and make decisions that affect the lives of children;
  3. Deepen your analysis of your role in promoting children’s rights not just in work environment but also in your own family and community through further suggested readings; and
  4. Orient you on the attributes of a child-friendly hospital and personnel.

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Guide for Media

Guide for Media Practitioners on the Reporting and Coverage of Cases Involving Children

This guide in intended to raise media awareness on issues concerning the rights of the child and at the same time reinforce journalistic standards, through self-regulation, and contribute to the protection and promotion of these rights.

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DOH

DOH Order No. 2013-0011: Revised Policy on the Establishment of Women and Children Protection Units in all Government Hospitals

This Order aims to institutionalize and standardized the quality of health service delivery in all women and children protection units in support of the strategic thrust to achieve Universal Health Care as described in the Kalusugan Pangkalahatan Execution Plan.

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DepEd Policy and Guidelines on Protecting Children in School from Abuse, Violence, Exploitation, Discrimination, Bullying, and Other Forms of Abuse

DepEd has adopted the policy to provide special protection to children who are gravely threatened or endangered by circumstances which affect their normal development and over which they have no control, and to assist the concerned agencies in their rehabilitation.

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DEPARTMENT CIRCULAR

DOJ

Department Circular No.77: Protective Custody of the Child

Further to Department Circular No. 70 dated November 7 2006 directing Regional State Prosecutors, City and Provincial Prosecutors and their Assistance to act on cases filed against social workers pursuant to Section 28 Article XI of R.A. No. 7610 “Protective Custody of the Child”, and Sections 9 and 10 of the Rules and Regulations on the Reporting and Investigation on Child Abuse Cases “Protective Custody”, respectively, social workers taking protective custody of the child shall refer to all Social Workers whether that of the Department of Social Welfare and Development of the Local Social Welfare and Development Officers or any authorized officer under the law.

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